Shryke, on 12 December 2012 - 05:30 AM, said:
Might be differences between a draft and mandatory service?
I'm curious at what they are basing this reasoning on.
For the same sized army, paying 1500$+ per soldier would exponentially raise defense expenditures, which are already the highest in the west by far, one of the highest in the world. Studies have also shown that it lowers the motivation to serve. Reason being, right now, even in the draft in Israel, you can flunk service if you really want to. But most people do serve, in most cases because they feel it is their national duty, and all their friends do it. It is still a bit of a shame to not serve. Once you add monetary value to it, it stops being a 'selfless act', but a job like all others, which you can turn down.
Draft also tends to raise the quality of non-combat troops significantly. Think of it this way, in the US, the brightest , minds generally do not go to the army, because they can get much better pay in the private market. In Israel, they all (or mostly all) serve. The army has a huge yearly pool of graduates, and can choose the near geniuses who will in the future sell start-up companies, and draft to its intelligence, electronic, computer units. It's become a career builder to serve in them, as they train soldiers in programming to a level you can't get in university. Units like Mamram, Talpiot and especially unit 8200 (said to have created the stuxnet virus) are well known internationally, and their graduates are gobbled up later by companies like cisco and Intel.