Wilbur Posted December 9, 2022 Share Posted December 9, 2022 6 hours ago, Fragile Bird said: @Wilbur that sounds very interesting, I had never spent any length of time wondering what happened after Alexander’s death, but I admit the question casually crossed my mind after reading some novels in the past. I think I actually assumed some of his structures carried on for a while before breaking down, but certainly not decades of war. Knowing humans for what they are, I should have realized that’s what happened. I’m not sure if I’m in the mood for the sadness that might bring me. In one sense, your assumption was entirely correct, because the successor states were predominantly Hellene - Greek was the common language, Attic Greece was seen as the seat of culture, Olympic religious forms prevailed, etc. But for the soldiers of Alexander themselves, as individuals, the period after Alexander was a terrible and sad demonstration of the idea that those who live by the sword shall die by the sword. The concept of the Greek phalanx took on a more brutal version in the Macedonian taxeis introduced as a heavier version that would use shock tactics in coordination with heavy calvary (hetairoi) without ceasing until the battle was won or lost. And Alexander set out very clearly for his successors the idea of Total War as a positive force to win dominion. So when Alexander was gone, all of the Macedonian (and a few Greeks, like Eumenes) generals used Total War in their fights for supremacy and power. And in the end you had all these soldiers of Alexander whose ostensible goal was to take their pay and go back to Macedon to become farmers and fathers. Instead, most of them ended up in ugly, murderous sieges and sacks of towns in Asia where they ended up killing each other for the glory of their generals. Wasteful and sad. Even Iron Maiden points this out. For some of these regions, it was a hundred years of warfare until the Pax Romana. Secretary of Eumenes 1 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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