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Anthony Appleyard

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About Anthony Appleyard

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  • Birthday 11/23/1942

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  1. Dunk and Egg seems to contain one of the various bits of text where word-play causes problems for translaters. Here, the word-play is between "Egg", referring to his bald head, and his real name "Aegon". How do translaters manage here? French "oeuf", German "Ei", Spanish "huevo", Russian "яйцо" ("yaytso") :: the word-play is lost. Same in one of the books where someone remarks that a dragonfly looks nothing like a dragon: "dragonfly" becomes French "libellule", German "Libelle", Norwegian "øyenstikkere", Russian "стрекоза " ("strekoza"), etc: again, the word-play is lost.
  2. It would be useful if someone (who has access to WoIaF's foreign-language versions) could make such lists.
  3. In England is or was a tree-surgeon calling himself "Kraken Tree Care", who may have read WoIaF. I have a business card from him; it shows, on a black background, a purple or sepia kraken, holding an axe and a chainsaw in its two frontmost arms.
  4. "the unicorns are all but gone" :: That need not mean the animal like a horse with a narwhal tusk as a horn. Some old real-world drawings and descriptions of unicorns show a much bigger bulkier animal with one horn :: to me in the real world, the original real unicorn written about by Roman and Greek authors was the Indian Rhinoceros. (The change likely came from whalers or their merchants inventing stories trying to get a better price for narwhal tusks.) In the quote above, in a winter / Ice Age scenario, the speaker likely meant the Woolly Rhinoceros https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolly_rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis), or perhaps Elasmotherium https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elasmotherium . "there will be no big alliance while the Bolton's are in charge of Winterfell" :: the desperate snow-siege-and-Others emergency may be enough to force even the Boltons to seek alliance; or the Boltons' army may mutiny and choose their own leader, who will then seek alliance. "the mammoths [are] down to a few hundred" :: with elephants, and thus likely with mammoths, a few hundred are plenty enough to breed and increase surprisingly quickly, if the herds are left undisturbed and hunting (including poaching) is prevented. And, does "a few hundred" mean only those south of the Wall? The Freefolk seem to have plenty of mammoths. "The dragons, however, are intruders. I believe they are the creation of dark magic and blood sacrifices, Blood Mages or necromancers mixing Firewyrms and Wyverns. They are the Fire, what destroyed the Childrens. And part, I believe, of why the Others have returned." :: Those Blood Mages or necromancers need not have been Valyrians; there are accounts of the first Valyrians being only shepherds, until some of them found a wild dragon's nest in the Fourteen Flames mountains. The long list in https://awoiaf.westeros.org/index.php/Dragon names wild dragons. Note the name Dragonstone (the island); on it is an active volcano hill named Dragonmont, where wild dragons could have bred.
  5. As WoIaF has been translated into many languages, it may be of interest to compile a table or list of how WoIaF names (of people and places etc) are rendered in various real languages. One example is that "sept" is translated into French as "septuaire".
  6. The previous book ends with Stannis's army stranded in the snow near Winterfell running out of food and having to eat their horses. As in the far north the Night King's army and the Others are pressing south and had driven the Freefolk to look for refuge south of the Wall, I suspect that we may see Winterfell and Stannis and the Wall garrison and the Freefolk all in one big alliance against the Night King's army. I can imagine Freefolk bringing mammoths (with Freefolk mahouts) to trample and tusk-sweep roads through the deep snow so that Stannis and his army can reach shelter and food and alliance in Winterfell.
  7. The Wikipedia page https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Winds_of_Winter#Plot says (with a reference) that "The Winds of Winter will take readers farther north than any of the previous books, and the Others will appear in the book.". To avoid making spoilers, how far it is allowed to guess or logically calculate how the story will proceed here? I have seen the coming ending described as "bittersweet", which seems to say that there will be deaths of loved characters. I (and likely many) hope that: (1) Central hero characters such as Jon Snow and Daenerys Targaryen will survive. (2) Mammoths and dragons will survive, at least as enough breeding stock of each to carry their species on.
  8. The GRRM books desribe a case of north-of-the-Wall wildlings attacking the Wall bringing a mammoth with them. The last of the 5 or 7 (it varies) GRRM main-story-line books that we have so far, says that in the big evacuation of the wildlings to south of the Wall, the wildlings brought a big herd of mammoths with them. Several archers could usefully ride on a mammoth and there could see above ground obstacles. Best if they rode in a spear-and-arrow-proof howdah. In the spring, if the mammoth was trained to stand still on command, its shed winter hair could be pulled off and collected and used. Ivory :: a steady harvest of ivory could be had by waiting for death by natural causes. I am one of the (likely) many who have been working on a WoIaF/GoT fan-fiction story, and in it I include this bit: "Time passed. Each time a winter ended, as spring warm came, his mammoths shed their long winter hair; they had learned to stand still on order while men combed the sheddings out. It was spun and woven into strong cloth. Some local sea-fishermen tarred such cloth and used it as sea-clothes, as much as could be made. Birds collected loose shed hairs of it and lined nests with it. One of his mammoths calved. At ten months old its calf shed its milk tusks as the tips of its permanent tusks came through. When dark prevented outside work, he carved the milk tusks into seal-stamps, one with his wife's seal sigil on; and the other with his seal sigil on, a rearing horse (presumedly, and later in painted images actually, chestnut-coloured after his first horse), half-emerged from wavy water, as he still had struggles against the fury of the sea; some said that the Ironmen's Drowned God was trying to get back land that he had stolen from the sea. He built a holdfast to keep crops and valuables safe in on a rock that stood up in his reclaimed land by his harbour."
  9. Domesticated mammoths. Canon text in WoIaF shows that The North has mammoths. A domesticated mammoth ridden by a mahout (or whatever is the Westerosi word) would be useful for travel in deep snow, and by swinging its head with its long curved tusks to brush deep snow aside, plus its sense of smell as good as a hound's, it could find people lost in deep snow.
  10. I read that in the real world, in the Papal States, Pope Sixtus V had trouble with bandits, and he caused to be led around the roads, loads of poisoned food, which the bandits robbed and ate, and died of it.
  11. The Andals sailed from Andalos in northwest Essos, to Westeros, to get away from the Valyrians, and brought their religion with them, and their religion had arisen in Essos. But later I read that all the septs are in Westeros, except one sept in Braavos, and it was only used by visiting Westerosi sailors. But I read that a mixed Andal-Valyrian population remained ;n Andalos, so it seems that some Andals remained in Essos and inter-bred with invading Valyrians. If so, what happened to the Faith of the Seven in Andalos? I also read that early invading Andals in Westeros drew 7-pointed stars on rocks. But that habit stopped. It could be that the High Septon ruled that the 7-pointed star symbol was too sacred to be casually drawn on outdoor public surfaces and used as a graffiti.
  12. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirenia . But GRRM may have meant the Steller' s Sea Cow ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steller%27s_sea_cow , Hydrodamalis gigas), which, like mammoths and aurochsen, are extinct in the real world but still survive in GRRM's stories.
  13. In WoIaF and GoT, what mention is there of an animal called a sea-cow?
  14. When I was a boy, my mother read the weekly magazine "Woman" ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman_(UK_magazine) ). One issue's readers' letters included a letter from a woman who wrote to the editor that she once told her children that they were "worse than a wagon-load of monkeys", and that later she found one of her children telling her dolls that they were "worse than a dragon-load of mumfies", accompanied by an editorial drawing of several monks riding on a dragon (drawn with 4 legs and 2 wings).
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