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By Odin's Beard

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  1. I don't think he knows Gaelic, but does use one to come up with names and plot ideas. I need to sit down and compile all the ones I have found into a list. Off the top of my head: tairngearthach means "the Prophesied One," and "promise" (Targaryen) rabarta means "storm, and fury" (and geangaire [Gendry] and stannad [Stannis] both mean "hammer") roib means "overgrown beard" adhar means "snow, frost" robb means "quadruped" bran means "crow" riachan means "grey" leannan means "lover" leanaim means "to pursue" leanb means "baby" lean means "sorrow, regret" liya means "grave, tomb" tuille means "flood" duthracht means "zeal" (dothraki) damhair means "zeal" (damphair) balan means "wooden vessel" riagloir means "ruler" and I think that is where R'hllor came from
  2. I was browsing through the Gaelic dictionary and happened across the word daingean (sounds like "Dayne Jon") and it means "stronghold, enclosure, fortification, marriage, and strong" (Stark means "strong" in several languages) The Wolf's Den is a daingean, (or a donjon--[Dawn Jon?] / dungeon). It is a stronghold built by Jon Stark. I have argued in the past that Ned and Ashara got married at White Harbor and that Ashara stayed at the Wolf's Den while pregnant and gave birth there. The word geanair (sounds like "Jon Ary") means "was conceived, born" and it also means "January" and Borrell said Jon was named after Jon Arryn, and that he was conceived and born somewhere in the region of White Harbor. Geanam means "sword" and Ned literally gave Ashara the sword Dawn (and figuratively as well). There is a White Knife in White Harbor, Dawn is a sort of White Knife. Gion means "will, desire" and Ned says Jon's mom was Wylla (and there is a Wylla at White Harbor, who mentions swearing oaths in the Godswood) Gionbhair means "January", and right below it gionc means "dog" (wyll means "ghost") Two words that sound like "Jon" are synonymous with "Winter," and Jon Snow is the embodiment of Winter. Then I was pondering the significance of Davos the Onion Knight staying at the Wolf's Den, so I searched the word "onion" in the Gaelic dictionary and many of the results are adjacent to entries about Ash trees/ashen and Dawn, ash trees (+ "together with" and "abandoned woman"), or ashen, and a child's baby (+ "an invented story"). Ashara and a baby stayed at the Wolf's Den, she and Ned and Wyman invented a story to cover up their marriage, she became an abandoned woman. Davos the Onion is retracing the journey of Ashara, he is smuggled into White Harbor, and is a dead man staying at the Wolf's Den, his death is faked, and he goes on a secret mission under an assumed identity (which involves Stark children). Oh, and uaim sounds like Wyman, and uaim means "union" "joining together" and "den" And Wyman married Ned and Ashara at the Wolf's Den. Davos calls the Wolf's Den a gaol, and gaol means "lover, beloved" in Gaelic, and Ashara is the Sloe-Eyed Maid, which was destroyed by a gale and was carrying saffron (cro in Gaelic). Gean means a kind of plum, and a sloe is a plum, and plum means "to sink underwater" and the Sloe-Eyed Maid sunk, as did Ned's ship when he crossed the Bite with the "fisherman's daughter." And a Snow is a kind of sailing vessel. And pruina in Latin means "Snow, winter" Eirin means "plum" and Jon was supposedly named after "Arryn"--and the words above and below eirin mean "snow" and airne means "sloe" and "nights watch"--and airne is only a slight rearrangement of Arryn. So if Jon was really named after an Eirin, and a Gean is a kind of plum, he was doubly named after a sloe-eyed maid.
  3. A guy on youtube called Horrorbabble does pretty good readings of Lovecraft's works (once you get past his weird fake accent), I have them on my Ipod and thats how I end up listening to them dozens of times. I think I have listened to the Doom the Came to Sarnath 50 times by now.
  4. I think Lovecraft should be required reading for anyone interested in ASoIaF. While I am thinking about Nyarlathotep, in the story The Rats in the Walls, the protaganist Delapore is the heir to a ruined castle. The locals around the castle think that the Delapores were werewolves. He renovates the castle and moves in. He has repeated nightmares about the crypts under the castle, and about being led into them. At the end of the story he is finally able to reach the caves under the castle, and discovers that it is the "antechamber to hell" where his ancestors raised and slaughtered humans for cannibal feasts. "It was the eldritch scurrying of those fiend-born rats, always questing for new horrors, and determined to lead me on even unto those grinning caverns of earth’s centre where Nyarlathotep, the mad faceless god, howls blindly to the piping of two amorphous idiot flute-players." A man who is a werewolf discovers the truth about himself and his ancestors in the crypts under a ruined castle after having ominous nightmares about the crypts and the secrets that lie within. The crypts under his castle are the entrance to hell where Nyarlathotep, a mad faceless god dwells (who either is the Black Goat, or is closely associated with it), . The story ends with Delapore becoming his ancestors and eating the face of his fat friend, who is described like a pig. Jon is a werewolf (of sorts), who does not know the truth about his ancestry, who is the heir to a ruined castle, who has nightmares about the crypts, that are the entrance to hell, where the weirwood dwells. Jon will discover that the Starks are descended from the Others and he will embrace his heritage, and lead the White Walkers. Samwell is Ser Piggy and I would not be surprised if Jon ends up killing him and eating his face.
  5. In Gaelic the phrase sgeith-nan-reultag means "a glutinous substance supposed to fall from stars" sgeith means "spawn, vomit, shape, and jellyfish" and reultag means "little star" (sgeith-rionnag means "meteor") I think this is were the word shoggoth comes from, from the word sgeith. A shoggoth is a self-luminous gelatinous shape-shifting creature that Lovecraft used in various stories, in At the Mountains of Madness they were slaves of the Old Ones that turned on their masters and killed them. In The Shadow Over Innsmouth shoggoths were being brought up from under the sea by the fish people (who serve Cthulhu) for an assault on mankind. But most importantly, I think the thing that fell out of the sky in The Color Out of Space was a shoggoth. There was a weird stone that fell out of the sky and inside of it was a gelatinous substance that was some sort of living creature which took up residence in Gardener's well, that fastened itself to tree roots, and sucked the life out of everything, and lured people to jump into a well, and it spread blight underground turning everything grey. At the climax of the story the well begins to glow, and the trees around it are tipped with flame (like flaming weirwood leaves), then the shoggoth shoots itself back into space. The theme of a tree from outer space that spreads blight and terror is the plot of the Tree on the Hill, as well, and a tree that is the gate to hell, and wants to create an endless night. Lovecraft did not have a cohesive mythology, and he sort of kept telling versions of the same story over and over, about a gelatinous, telepathic, tentacled, demon, star-spawn that falls out of the sky and does horrible things to humans. I think George realized this and extracted the common thread and the weirwood network was the result.
  6. In George’s story Sandkings, the protagonist Cress buys some alien bugs and puts them in a sand-filled aquarium. The bugs are called "sandkings" and they are hive-minded creatures that are controlled by a gelatinous creature called a maw, the maw lives inside a little castle that the sandkings build for it, and they care and feed the maw. Cress is their god, and the sandkings carve his likeness on their castles (Cress is close to Cross, Cress is their god, Cress mistreats his sandkings and they eventually grow large, escape the aquarium and eat him). Face carved on a castle, with a hive-minded telepathic creature living inside of it. I think ASoIaF is the reverse sandkings, the humans live inside of their castle, and care and feed the maw that lives there (the weirwood) the humans go out and do battle to defend their castle and its maw, and the humans are being controlled by the maw. Interesting that you mentioned crabs, because craob is Gaelic for "tree" and I think that played a big part in George's development of ASoIaF. Lovecraft's story The Whisperer in Darkness is about a race of alien crabs (craobs = trees) that are associated with the Black Goat of the Woods, and the Black Goat is depicted as a carnivorous sentient tree, (from its description in the Tree on the Hill) The crabs are red and white, that have greenblood, that are telepathic, that live in caves underground, that are associated with standing stone circles, that are believed to be the origin of celtic myths about fairies and lurking little people of the bogs and raths, they are called The Old Ones, they hate light, and they live inside Round Hill where they remove peoples' brains and put them in jars, and the disembodied brains can go backward and forward in time, and to other worlds. They are stored in jars with three sockets in a triangle, like a skull--so like skulls set on a shelf. The crabs can replace people with changelings/doppelgangers. Bran calls Bloodraven a whisperer in darkness. In the story the protagonist Wilmarth is asked to visit a remote location by who he thinks is Akeley, but it is actually a crab(tree) that has taken Akeley's brain, and replaced him with a doppelganger (perhaps Nyarlathotep himself, who "puts on the waxen mask and the robe that hides"). So the person that Wilmarth meets and talks to--the Whisperer in Darkness--is actually a tree disguised as a human, that put on the semblance of Akeley in order to trap Wilmarth and steal his brain. I think Bloodraven is a tree disguised as a human, that is trying to steal Bran's brain. Oh, and most importantly, the crabs / craobs / trees / Black Goat of the Woods, can fly through interstellar space on vast membranous wings: "Once a specimen was seen flying—launching itself from the top of a bald, lonely hill at night and vanishing in the sky after its great flapping wings had been silhouetted an instant against the full moon." A tree that gets launched off of a lonely hill at night.
  7. "Giant had crammed himself inside the hollow of a dead oak. 'How d'ye like my castle, Lord Snow?' " I think that all the descriptions of the castles and the people that inhabit them are metaphors for the weirwoods and their inhabitants--and that their descriptions are providing pieces of the puzzle to solve the riddle of what the weirwoods are and where they came from and what will be their fate. One of the main points of this exercise is to prove that @LmL is wrong about his hypothesis about what caused the Long Night. His theory is that the "Stone Fist" symbolism represents a mushroom cloud of fallout from moon meteors crashing into the Earth which caused the Long Night, whereas I am going to argue that the Stone Fist refers to the Weirwoods themselves. So pay special attention to when castles are described as stone fists, or when towers are fingers of a stone giant. This may have its source with Lovecraft, who several times used the imagery of buried giant. In the Festival: "it was a burying-ground where black gravestones stuck ghoulishly through the snow like the decayed fingernails of a gigantic corpse." And in the Tree on the Hill, the Black Goat is an Otherworldly tree that is described as a giant gnarled hand: "Where I had, in the landscape itself, seen the twisted, half-sentient tree, there was here visible only a gnarled, terrible hand or talon with fingers or feelers shockingly distended and evidently groping toward something on the ground or in the spectator’s direction." And in the Shunned House there is a giant white vampiric fungus buried under a house. And Cthuhu was an Old One who is miles high, who sleeps in a tomb under the sea, and will awake at the end of days. The weirwood roots make up a super-organism, so that Westeros can be thought of as a buried giant. It has an Eye, a neck, fingers, and an Arm holding a Sunspear. This buried giant will awake at the End of Days. To set the stage I would like to remind you that many famous castles were raised by Bran the Builder, and in Jon's weirwood dream, Bran is a weirwood that literally rises out of the ground. Bran raises castles and weirwoods. Starfall A castle rises up where a magic stone falling star meteorite landed: "At the mouth of the Torrentine, House Dayne raised its castle on an island where that roaring, tumultuous river broadens to meet the sea. Legend says the first Dayne was led to the site when he followed the track of a falling star and there found a stone of magical powers." The story of the Daynes following a star to establish their home is a direct reference to the Lord of the Rings, where Earendil was an half-elf who was launched off of the planet in a magic white ship and he became the Dawn-Star. The Dunedain followed the Dawn-Star Earendil to a star-shaped island that emerged out of the sea. The island they named Numenor (numen means "divine power of god" / "fairy"). Many years later Numenor sank into the sea at the same time that the island of Avallone (with its WhiteTower) was launched into space. In a confused way, it describes a magic white object in a cycle of landing on Earth and later launching off of it. It does not take much imagination to think that Numenor was the star itself that fell to Earth, and then went back into the sky (which is the plot of Lovecraft's The Color out of Space) Has a Tower called the Palestone Sword. Implies a Tower that is a weapon. Starfall is an island in the Torentine. In Anglo-Saxon torr means "tower, watch tower, rock, and impact, dashing together" In Latin torris means "firebrand" and torrens means "burning" and torreo means "scorch, burn" In Gaelic tor means "tower, heap, pile, grave" and "thunder" and "tree root" A burning river of flame, associated with firebrands, falling stars, towers, and thunder. The magic great sword Dawn is made out of that meteorite—it is pale as milkglass and alive with light, weirwood is pale as bone and alive, the Sword of the Morning is a constellation of stars that rises just before dawn. Dawn is Lightbringer is a celestial sword, is a weirwood rocket that launches to end the Long Night and bring the Dawn. Winterfell It is compared to a monstrous stone tree: “To a boy, Winterfell was a grey stone labyrinth of walls and towers and courtyards and tunnels spreading out in all directions. In the older parts of the castle, the halls slanted up and down so that you couldn't even be sure what floor you were on. The place had grown over the centuries like some monstrous stone tree, Maester Luwin told him once, and its branches were gnarled and thick and twisted, its roots sunk deep into the earth.” “The stone is strong, Bran told himself, the roots of the trees go deep, and under the ground the Kings of Winter sit their thrones.” Winterfell is described a being living castle: “the warm halls of Winterfell, where the hot waters ran through the walls like blood through a man's body.” It has extensive tunnels and many layered Crypts beneath it. The magic of the crypts hold vengeful spirits trapped underground, these undead are waiting for the time when they will be reanimated. It was built around a weirwood, the location was somehow special. It’s was built by Bran the Builder (or at least started it, and he built the crypts). It has a BrokenTower that was struck by lightning and set afire (recalls the Grey King and the tree set ablaze), the crows nest there (a crow's nest is called a crannog in gaelic), Bran befriends the crows in the Tower. Of particular interest to me is the belief that a dragon lives underneath the castle, and when Winterfell catches on fire, the dragon awakes, the tower collapses, and the dragon is released, and the dragon flies away in the sky. "Yet the smallfolk of Winterfell and the winter town have been known to claim that the springs are heated by the breath of a dragon that sleeps beneath the castle. "We made noise enough to wake a dragon . . . The castle's dead and burned" "in the sky he [Summer] saw a great winged snake whose roar was a river of flame. He bared his teeth, but then the snake was gone." In Norse myth, a dragon lives under the world tree Yggdrasil. In Arthurian myth there were once a castle built by Vortigern that kept collapsing during construction, a young boy named Merlin figured out that it was because there were dragons in a cave under the site, so they dug a tunnel and released the red and white dragons from their lair--who flew up into the sky. The Red and White Dragons are weirwoods. “The weirwood was the heart of Winterfell, Lord Eddard always said . . . but to save the castle Jon would have to tear that heart up by its ancient roots, and feed it to the red woman's hungry fire god.” A weirwood uprooted and burned is a description red comet being made. (Note on Labyrinths) Winterfell is several times described as a stone labyrinth, "the great stone maze of Winterfell," and as we will see, one of the most consistent metaphors for a weirwood cave is that of a maze with a bull / bole / white tree at the center of it. This is a reference to the Minotaur. And tor / taur means "tower" and "bull", At Yeen there is an underground labyrinth where the Old Ones dwell. In Lorath, the mysterious gigantic maze leads to the underworld, in Gaelic rath means a circular rampart or palisade around a fortified residence, “a fort, dwelling or house, a prince’s seat, loosely a barrow or artificial mound” Dineen’s says and enclosed garth (garden) is a called a liss, and a rath around a garth is “lios na rath” “lo-­­rath” could be a contraction of that phrase. So Lorath is a circle of trees on a hill around a garth/barrow/prince’s seat, and it features a maze that leads to the underworld. liss/ lios is another word that is a synonym of rath. And means “a garth, enclosure or courtyard, a small circumvallation or ring-fort, a fairy fort, rath or liss; a court; an ancient Irish steading” The Eyrie Aire means “fishing weir” in gaelic, and eirghe means "arising" “Lysa's apartments opened over a small garden, a circle of dirt and grass planted with blue flowers and ringed on all sides by tall white towers.” It has white towers in a circle, on a (very) high hill, sickly boy sits a weirwood throne, boy hears singers, walls are white marble, weirwood moon door. Liss means “garth, fairy fort, and circular palisade” Lios-araich means “nursery for plants” The Giant’s Lance and Alyssa’s Tears Ice Waterfall: In the series Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn, there is a gigantic frozen waterfall called the Uduntree--Odin's Tree, which is Yggdrasil, Bloodraven hanging on the weirwood roots is a depiction of Odin hung on Yggdrasil. In MST, they say that Udun climbed to the stars on the Uduntree. Alyssa’s tears will form an ice waterfall that reaches the ground during the Long Night. The Giant’s Lance is the weapon of the Weirwood, and it is associated with a massive ice waterfall/white tree that reaches into space. Storm’s End “here the trees rule, it is said, and the castles oft seem as if they have grown from the earth instead of being built. But the knights and lords of the rainwood have roots as deep as the trees that shelter them,” Storm's End is a round, totally smooth castle raised by Bran the Builder (+ the CotF) and its Tower is a spiked stone fist: "A seventh castle he raised, most massive of all. Some said the children of the forest helped him build it, shaping the stones with magic; others claimed that a small boy told him what he must do, a boy who would grow to be Bran the Builder." ". . . Yet Storm's End endured, through centuries and tens of centuries, a castle like no other. Its great curtain wall was a hundred feet high, unbroken by arrow slit or postern, everywhere rounded, curving, smooth, its stones fit so cunningly together that nowhere was crevice nor angle nor gap by which the wind might enter. That wall was said to be forty feet thick at its narrowest, and near eighty on the seaward face, a double course of stones with an inner core of sand and rubble. Within that mighty bulwark, the kitchens and stables and yards sheltered safe from wind and wave. Of towers, there was but one, a colossal drum tower, windowless where it faced the sea, so large that it was granary and barracks and feast hall and lord's dwelling all in one, crowned by massive battlements that made it look from afar like a spiked fist atop an upthrust arm." The curtain wall is a bulwark, which comes from "bole" + "work," as it refered to tree trunks stuck in the ground to form a wall--so it is a smooth tree trunk wall. (The tale of the repeated collapses of the castle recalls the story of the dragons under Vortigern's castle causing it to collapse.) The Stone Fist is the weirwood. Crofter’s Village weirwood also likened to a stone fist: "The crofter's village stood between two lakes, the larger dotted with small wooded islands that punched up through the ice like the frozen fists of some drowned giant. From one such island rose a weirwood gnarled and ancient, its bole and branches white as the surrounding snows. " One of the meanings of croft is "underground chamber, crypt" and the other refers to an enclosed garden, like a garth. Ancient spells ward shadow swords from entering Storm's End, but one sneaks in through tunnels underneath. Bloodraven's cave is warded against wights from entering. The Storm Lord "Maybe he came from the Isle of Faces," said Bran. "Was he green?" In Old Nan's stories, the guardians had dark green skin and leaves instead of hair. Sometimes they had antlers too, but Bran didn't see how the mystery knight could have worn a helm if he had antlers. "I bet the old gods sent him." The green men on the Isle of Faces have "antlers" which refers to the weirwood trees above their heads when they are seated on their weirwood throne in their weirwood cave, they wear the ring of weirwoods like a crown. The Baratheons are a metaphor for these Antlered Green men, and barathrum means "abyss" in Latin, and rabarta mean “storm” and “a burst of anger, fury” They wear the Antler crown and antler helms, Robert's weapon is a great war hammer, and he kills a black dragon with it. Gendry is his son and he is a Smith, geannaire means "hammer" in Gaelic, and stannad means "hammering" in Gaelic “his great antlered helm on his head, his warhammer in hand, sitting his horse like a horned god.” Renly wore forest-green armor, had green eyes, and wore an antler helm, he was a green man. In Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn, the dark lord is called the Storm King, and he is stuck inside the Dream Road, and is appears to the Norn Queen as a presence in a well deep underground. Greywater Watch It is a Floating Castle in a swamp (mire~mere), it can’t be conquered because no-one can find it. Crannog means "tree" and "crow's nest" in Gaelic, and refers to tree huts in the middle of an island. In George's short story The Men of Greywater Station, there is a telepathic hive-minded tree/fungus that spreads from planet to planet by sending spores into the upper atmosphere to be carried away on the solar wind. It landed on Greywater and spread from a central location, eventually taking over all life on the planet. I think Greywater Watch is a very strong hint that it is related to Greywater Station. The word gree means "to be of one mind" ~ gree-water The Men of Greywater Station is a take on Joseph Campbell's classic story Who Goes There? about a shape-shifting telepathic alien that wants to take over all life on the planet, and in the 1950's movie version The Thing from Another World the monster was a malevolent plant-based alien. A flying castle could be thought of as a floating castle. I think the ancient Fisher Queens were greenseers in a floating castle: "Fisher Queens, who ruled the lands adjoining the Silver Sea—the great inland sea at the heart of the grasslands—from a floating palace that made its way endlessly around its shores. . . The Fisher Queens were wise and benevolent and favored of the gods, we are told, and kings and lords and wise men sought the floating palace for their counsel." Sunspear The Sandship is a castle in the shape of a ship, the seat of the Martell's (martel means "hammer"), in the center of a maze. "First the slender Spear Tower, a hundred-and-a-half feet tall and crowned with a spear of gilded steel that added another thirty feet to its height; then the mighty Tower of the Sun, with its dome of gold and leaded glass; last the dun-colored Sandship, looking like some monstrous dromond that had washed ashore and turned to stone." Implies a moveable castle that is a ship, and a ship that turned to stone, ships are made out of weirwood and weirwoods turn to stone. And Towers that are weapons. Nagga’s Ribs are compared to a dromond's mast, and the Sandship is a castle that is like a monstrous dromond washed ashore and turned to stone. And it has towers that are sun-spears--which is an apt description of a comet. Labyrinth walls with a Threefold gate, and the Three-fold gate leads to the underworld in hindu mythology. "The Winding Walls were raised some seven hundred years ago, wrapping Sunspear and winding throughout the shadow city in a snaking, defensive curtain that would force even the boldest enemy to lose their way. Only the Threefold Gate provides a straight path to the castle, cutting through the Winding Walls, and these gates are heavily defended at need." Sunspear is a synonym for comet. Water gardens are where the Children (of the Forest) play. Rhoynish towers, royn is an alternate spelling of Rowan, the mountain ash, witch wood. Arm of Dorne holding sunspear, Dorn means fist and thorn, Orn means “tree” in Tolkien as in Malorn, which is a cosmic tree. Westeros is a living giant, with a God's Eye, and Dorne is its Arm holding a Sun-spear, that is a Stone Ship, that is a comet. Harrenhal Huge haunted castle, built with weirwoods, compared to a giant stone fist: “Across the pewter waters of the lake the towers of Black Harren's folly appeared at last, five twisted fingers of black, misshapen stone grasping for the sky.” "Weirwoods that had stood three thousand years were cut down for beams and rafters." Harren allegedly mixed human blood into the mortar for the stonework—human sacrifice required to build it, like weirwood trees. Five towers like a stone hand reaching for the sky. "Evil King Harren had walled himself up inside, so Aegon unleashed his dragons and turned the castle into a pyre. Nan said that fiery spirits still haunted the blackened towers. Sometimes men went to sleep safe in their beds and were found dead in the morning, all burnt up." The King is walled up inside the stone fist, the castle bursts into flame in the night, is associated with dragon fire, and now is a black ruined castle. Hightower The Hightower is a White Tower with a red flame atop, that was built by Brandon the Builder. There is a magician hiding inside the Hightower studying spells and observing the world. The Citadel is nearby and it is a repository of all human knowledge. "Oldtown was a veritable labyrinth of a city" The Hightower is on an island in the Honeywine (weirwood paste reference) in the Whispering Sound (weirwood leaves). Riverrun Red Castle in the shape of a ship, in emergencies it can become an island. King of the Trident, implies a God under-the-sea. tuille means "flood, deluge, torrent" and tuill means "hole, cave" in Gaelic. tul means "red" in Hindi and tula means "weighing as a test of guilt or innocence" (Tully's pass judgment) ostoir means "host," and osta means "cold," iosta means "great power," ostarius means "door keeper" in Latin Pyke Pike is a long-handled wooden weapon and a fish. Grey-green Castle on an island falling into the sea. Sea Tower, Bloody Keep, all linked with elevated bridges, like tree limbs. Kraken is an upside down tree. Seastone chair is an inverted weirwood throne, made by the Deep Ones, and found on Great Wyk (wick) –a great candle / weirwood,. Great Wyk is surrounded by Nagga’s cradle, and Nagga’s ribs are found on a hill there, forty-four stone ribs of Nagga, a dead sea dragon, rise from the ground like large white trees as wide as a dromond's mast and twice as tall. Greking means “dawn” and gryja means “dawn” and krieken means “dawn” The Grey King slew a sea dragon that drowned islands, and a tree getting struck by lightning figures into his legend, and he wore a driftwood crown, and turned grey and went under the sea. The Grey King built a ship out of weirwood. Nagga’s ribs look like a rib cage that burst open, they are the remains of a weirwood grove that launched a sea dragon, a chest-burster that launched a heart-tree, and drowned the Iron Islands when launched. “On the crown of the hill four-and-forty monstrous stone ribs rose from the earth like the trunks of great pale trees. The sight made Aeron's heart beat faster.” croicean “bark of a tree” in Gaelic ballan means "bullock" as well as "any wooden vessel" and gryja means "dawn" = a wooden ship that brings the Dawn. I already mentioned that the Antler crown of the green men is a reference to a weirwood hill, and the driftwood crown is another such reference. “Nagga's ribs became the beams and pillars and her jaws the throne. According to legend, the Hall had been warmed by Nagga's living fire and on the walls hung tapestries made of silver seaweed. The men sworn to the Grey King ate at a table shaped like a large starfish while seated on thrones made from mother-of-pearl. Upon the Grey King's death, the Storm God snuffed out Nagga's fire and the sea stole the fanged throne.” Under-the-sea theme, Grey King’s departure coincides with Nagga’s fire going out. Jaws/throne weirwood eating greenseers. Nagga's jaws are a weirwood throne. Highgarden White castle on a hill with hedge maze and has weirwoods at the center, built by Garth the Gardener—Garth means enclosed garden and fishing weir. Labyrinth with a white bole / white bull at the center. Weirwood is the Minotaur (Moloch / Melkor) "Highgarden is girded by three concentric rings of crenellated curtain walls, made of finely dressed white stone and protected by towers as slender and graceful as maidens. Each wall is higher and thicker than the one below it. Between the outermost wall that girdles the foot of the hill and the middle wall above it can be found Highgarden's famed briar maze, a vast and complicated labyrinth of thorns and hedges maintained for centuries for the pleasure and delight of the castle's occupants and guests...and for defensive purposes, for intruders unfamiliar with the maze cannot easily find their way through its traps and dead ends to the castle gates." . . . "And Highgarden's lush green godswood is almost as renowned, for in the place of a single heart tree it boasts three towering, graceful, ancient weirwoods whose limbs have grown so entangled over the centuries that they appear to be almost a single tree with three trunks, reaching for each other above a tranquil pool. Legend has it these trees, known in the Reach as the Three Singers, were planted by Garth Greenhand himself." Weirwoods at the center of a maze.
  8. I was just looking up words that mean "dawn" mane / manescere in Latin means "dawn" and manes means "ghost, corpse, shades of the dead" in Latin If Mance is really Arthur whose death was faked and Ned allowed him to take the black and go to the wall, then it fits. In one story of the Arthurian Mythos, Lancelot captures a tower called the Dolorous Gard, and renames it the Joyous Gard (the Tower of Joy) and Lancelot brings Guinevere to the Joyous Gard. When Lancelot takes over the Tower he discovers a graveyard of dead knights there, but the graves are false and the knights are actually still alive imprisoned at the Dolorous Prison. Dolorous Edd is at the Wall. The Wall is a kind of prison where convicts are sent. The Wall is the Dolorous Prison. This leads me to believe that someone or several of the Kingsguard knights from the Tower of Joy who are believed to be dead are at the Wall, and that their graves at the Tower of Joy were false graves. Lancelot frees these not-dead knights from the Dolorous Prison.
  9. As I said in the last post the word Greyking means "to dawn" and comes from the Old Norse word gryja which also means "to dawn" --I think the name Greyjoy comes from gryja, as they are descendants of the Grey King, (and krieken is mentioned in that entry as well) So I think I figured out the significance of there being a Greyjoy being fostered at Winterfell--there was a young man whose name means "Dawn" being raised at Winterfell, this would parallel Jon being a Dayne being raised at Winterfell. And Theon's sister is named Asha Greyjoy ~ asha gryja ~ Asha Dawn ~ Ashara Dayne. Asha twice calls herself a "shy maid" which is the name of Lemore's boat. I just happened across a Clark Ashton Smith story the other day called Ascharia, and the first line is "Told by Hespire, Lemurian space-voyager" So hesperus is phosphorus is the Dawn Star, and this story links the Dawn Star with Ascharia and Lemuria in the first sentence. (ashari means "bodiless, disembodied" in Hindi, and in Gaelic acharrad means "sprite" [which is a kind of ghost] and lemuria means "ghost" in Latin, and Jon's spirit animal is Ghost)
  10. Jon Snow / Aragorn parallels Aragorn is a king "hidden in the wastes of the North" Aragorn has grey eyes and black hair and he is the captain of the Rangers from the north, Jon has grey eyes and dark brown hair, and he becomes captain/commander of the the Rangers of the north. (in Lovecraft's The Shadow Over Innsmouth there is a boat called the Ranger snow) The phrase “grey-eyed” is a poetic phrase to describe the dawn. that is used by Shakespeare in Romeo and Juliet, and others. (Grey-King refers to the dawn as well). In the Oxford English Dictionary there is a note about Shakespeare's usage of the phrase grey eyed : "By a grey eye was meant what we now call a blue eye" Jon's "eyes were a grey so dark they seemed almost black" Eddard's eyes: "dark grey" So the Starks have dark grey eyes, and Jon's are so dark they are almost black. But grey eyes = blue eyes, so they actually have blue eyes that are so dark they almost appear black. Very similar to Dayne and Targaryen eyes, as Edric Dayne and Egg's eyes are described in very similar terms--a shade of purple so dark it is almost black. (save this for later, that sloe-eyed means "dark blue / purple eyes) [I was just researching "grey eyes" and found an old english story the Tale of Melusine about a man who marries a faery named Melusine (Melisandre?) who is from Avalon and has a magical son name Uriens (who has one red eye and one grey eye). Euron has one black/red eye and one blue eye] Very similar to the tale of King Arthur, Aragorn is orphaned at a young age and is fostered by Elrond and the Elves at Rivendell, and his true identity is hidden from him. Elrond reveals the truth to Aragorn when he is 21, and gives Aragorn his family heirlooms, Narsil and the ring of Barahir. According to R+L=J, Jon is orphaned at a young age and is fostered by Ned, who was going to tell Jon his true identity when he came of age, Jon has dreams about getting his inheritance and about wielding a flaming sword: "Jon was armored in black ice, but his blade burned red in his fist. . . .'I am the Lord of Winterfell,' Jon screamed" "he used to dream that one day Winterfell might be his" Like Narsil, the Stark family sword Ice was broken. In gaelic aire /airig = “nobleman” and gorn means “firebrand, fire, torch” Sindarin ara means "noble, kingly" aryan means “noble, kingly” in Hindi eirghe = arisen [eirghe + gorn = a rising firebrand?] Narsil is a sword that was broken and is reforged. Narsil means “red and white flame” in Quenya When Narsil is remade it is named Anduril, the Flame of the West, and it is regularly described as a flaming sword. King Arthur's Excalibur is described as a flaming bright sword. So the King (aryan) has a Flaming Sword (a gorn). Raising the Dead One of Aragorn’s other names is Ellesar, and eolasair means “necromancer” in Gaelic, and Aragorn raises an army of the undead from Dunharrow for the fight against Sauron (redemption arc for the undead). "From the North he shall come" the “King of the Dead” who blows a horn to awaken the Dead. I think George was just as disappointed as I was about how small a role the undead played in the final battle (the movies gave them a much bigger role). Above Dunharrow where the undead dwell is the Starkhorn, out of which flows the Snowbourn. Jon finds a magic horn at the Fist, and I think Jon Snow will lead the Others and the undead army of wights. The 13th Lord Commander was a Stark, after all, and the Jon Snow is an "evil name." And there is foreshadowing of him waking the dead. In LotR, Aragorn the Ellesar blows a horn and wakes the dead and summons them to his cause. They are associated with a Black Stone, and Black Ships. Also, in Norse mythology and in The Wheel of Time, the undead army is summoned to fight for the good guys. eolgairseoir means “a guide, one who shows the way” eolas means “knowledge” and Jon Snow famously “knows nothing” Gondorians are called "Tarks" --> Starks / sTarks / Tarks (also phonetically close to Targs) In LotR, the Dunedain refugees who escaped the sinking of Numenor founded a kingdom in the North--led by Anarion, and a kingdom in the South, led by Isildor. (Anarion and Isildor--arian means "silver" and sildor is very close to "silver" and silver is grey) Aragorn is one of the last descendants of this lost Numenorean Kingdom of Dunedain in the North, and he guards the area north of the Shire, the region directly north of Hobbiton is called Arthedain. This is suggestive of Arthur Dayne being in the Nights Watch, and I think Mance Rayder is Arthur Dayne. In Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn, Camaris’ magic meteor black sword is called black Thorn. Camaris has a dragon helmet, camaoir means "dawn" in Gaelic, and "mance rayder" is an anagram of "dayne camerr" (recall his is singing the Dornishman's Wife the first time we meet him) So Dayne and Camaris have names that mean "Dawn" and have magic meteor swords--(swords that fell from the sky as flaming swords). Aragorn is a Dunedain and has a flaming sword. Aragorn is the son of Arathorn. Aragorn is close to the word dragon, in gaelic draigean means “blackthorn, sloe tree”--dragons and blackthorns go together. (dorn means "thorn" in german) Arathorn ~ Arthur Blackthorns produce sloes and white flowers, I think Ashara is the Sloe-eyed Maid, and is Jon’s real mother. (One of the meanings of snow is "white bloom or blossom") Jon the Snow The sword Dawn is the ASoIaF equivalent of Excalibur, and it needs to come to Jon, and only a Dayne can wield it. Jon has to be a Dayne in order to become the new Sword of the Morning. In Arthurian Legend, only the True King can draw the sword from the stone and wield Excalibur. I think Jon's real name is Arthur, and that he is half Dayne. In the Annotated Lovecraft there is a note about the boat called the Ranger snow: "A snow (pronounced "snoo") or snaw was a small three-masted sailing vessel similar to a brig, used as a merchant ship and as a warship." Here is the entry from the OED. So Jon could be named after a boat, he could be named "Snow" in commemoration of the boat that Ned and Ashara took across the Bite that sank. Ashara also has a boat named after her. The Sloe-Eyed Maid, Borrell mentions taking the precious cargo of saffron off of a sloe-eyed maid: saffron is the most valuable spice in all the world, is the product of the Crocus--a purple and white flower. The color sloe is dark, purple-blue (plum), and it refers to a plant with white flowers and fruit like small plums. Ashara had white skin and purple/violet eyes, the Dayne house colors are purple and white, she is the sloe-eyed maid/crocus, the precious cargo taken off her was her baby, the crow. Cro means "saffron" in Gaelic, and crohha means "saffron" in Anglo-Saxon, and Jon is King Crow. Borrell suggested that the name "Jon" came from Jon Arryn, so in the region between White Harbor and the Vale, Jon's conception and birth, perhaps a snow boat, (and Jon Stark of the Greystarks built the Wolf's Den). All the details are there, just scrambled up. The King's Crown Aragorn’s heraldry depicts seven stars and a crown, seven stars in a crown is the King’s Crown, the Valacirca (Sickle of the Valar, in hindi vala means "high" and circa means circle so the "high circle / high crown") is the constellation of seven stars in a crown that was a warning to Morgoth of his Doom. When Aragorn reveals Anduril to the Rohirrim: "For a moment it seems to the eyes of Legolas that a white flame flickered on the brows of Aragorn like a shining crown." At the battle of Pelenor Fields Aragorn arives at dawn with a crown of stars and a flaming sword, and the Star of Eledil on his brow. Jon mentions the constellation of the King’s Crown / Craddle, which is Corona Borealis—the Northern Crown, which is seven stars. More King from the North imagery. Jon describes the Sword of the Morning constellation in the sky, which is a Flaming Sword of sorts. Jon is associated with the Sword of the Morning, and the King's Crown. White Tree Sapling The sprouting of a new White Tree of Gondor signifies the re-establishment of the line of the Dunedain Kings at the end of Return of the King. Jon has a dream where Bran appears to him as a white weirwood sapling. -------------------------- Not particularly interesting, but here are the possible etymologies for the word Dunedain: duine means “man” in Gaelic, duin means “fortress, castle” dunad means “enclosure, fortress” and “close of a poem” dunaideach means “fortress-holder” daoine is means “the people, everybody, the public” “men” daoineach means “populous, numerous” duinn means “unwillingness, hesitation”
  11. I was just brainstorming about Avalon and realized that the spaceship from Bitterblooms was called "Morgen Le Fay" and was a ship from Avalon, so George has already connected Avalon with spaceships in his work. A magical building from Avalon, that is actually a spaceship, that the Fay / faery inhabits, that uses deception and trickery to lure people in and entrap them.
  12. @Narsil4 pointed out the Durin's crown story to me a while back, which is what prompted me to read the series. It parallels this passage from Tyrion: "The Father reached his hand into the heavens and pulled down seven stars," Tyrion recited from memory, "and one by one he set them on the brow of Hugor of the Hill to make a glowing crown." (hugel means "hill" in german) A celestial ring/crown of stars, descending from heaven and landing upon the crown of a hill. This is a telling of where the weirwoods came from. Both tellings involve a dwarf and a crown of stars. The crown of stars is the King's Crown, corona borealis, which is also part of Aragorn's heraldry: The White Tree and Seven Stars in a Crown. Also suggests the White Tree is of celestial origin. The constellation of the King's Crown was known as Arianrhod--the Silver Wheel--in celtic astronomy, and the story behind it was that there was a beautiful silver castle that was launched into space by a wizard. And Tyrion's story is the reverse of that. When Frodo and Sam are going to Minas Morgul they find an old statue of a king of Gondor and it has a crown of stars: "Look! The king has got a crown again!" . . . about the high stern forehead there was a coronal of silver and gold. A trailing plant with flowers like small white stars had bound itself across the brows as if in reverence for the fallen king" Also, in Khazad-dum, the Second Hall "Down the centre stalked a double line of towering pillars. They were carved like boles of mighty trees whose boughs upheld the roof with a branching tracery of stone." Huge subterranean trees in a cave, beneath the place where the crown of stars appeared. And a dwarf waiting to come back from the dead.
  13. Some background on the Otherworld So in Tolkien's mythology, in the ancient past before humans and elves existed, the Valar dwelt at Almaren, an island in the middle of a lake in the center of Middle-Earth (parallels the gods living in the Gods Eye). Then Melkor came into the world from the Void of Night and destroyed the Two Lamps and their collapse destroyed Almaren and changed the landmasses, and the Valar fled to an island in the far western ocean called Valinor or Aman, at the rim of the world. (at this time the world was flat, and it was surrounded by the Walls of Night). There is an island east of Valinor called Avallone or Tol Eressea, that has a huge White Tower, the Tower of Avallone, where the master palantir was kept (parallels an all-seeing weirwood grove at the Gods Eye). In Arthurian legend Avalon is the magical island where Morgan Le Fey lives, or Merlin. I have posted previously about the parallels between the God’s Eye / Isle of Faces and Avalon, (and the eye-shaped island Tar Valon from the Wheel of Time, which is where the White Tower and the Aes Sedai are located) Numenor Recall that the end of the First Age resulted in the defeat of Morgoth but also the sinking of Beleriand. Earendil was the father of Elrond and Elros. Elrond chose to be an Elf, and Elros chose to be a human. Elros’ descendants—called the Edain—now refuges from the sinking of Beleriand followed the Star of Earendil into the west and discovered a star-shaped island which had only just emerged from the ocean depths, which they colonized and named Numenor. The Valar had raised this island as a gift to the Edain to be their new homeland. The Edains followed the Dawn-star and where it took them they founded their new homeland, which is also star-shaped. This closely parallels the story of the Daynes following a falling star and founding Starfall where it landed. (I don't know where else to put this but the region north of Hobbiton is called Arthedain and the Dunedain protect this region) So any way the Numenoreans / Dunedain build a great empire in Numenor that lasts for thousands of years, but eventually Sauron comes to be chief advisor to the king of Numenor Al Pharazon. Sauron convinces him to mount an invasion to Valinor, where the humans are forbidden to go. They attempt to invade Valinor which sets off a chain-reaction in which Iluvatar completely changes Middle-Earth, transforming the flat Earth into a round Earth, sinking Numenor, and ejecting Valinor and Avallone from the Earth: Avallone was literally detached from the Earth and sent into space. To reach it now you have to leave the surface of the Earth and go into outer space. And the sinking of Numenor parallels the destruction of Valyria. And it is interesting that the sinking of Numenor coincides with Avallone being launched into space, as I have argued that what destroyed Valyria was a massive collective weirwood launch. And that is why magic declined after the event, because the weirwoods are the source of all magic and they departed.
  14. Addendum to the mallorn etymologies: In Hindi: mal means "fine, splendid, and garland" and orhna means "to put on, to wear" and urna means "to fly" and orna means "to ward off, to spread out arms, to shield" A mallorn is a fine garland (a wreath) that you can put on and it makes you fly. -------------- In Fellowship, at Bilbo’s party, Gandalf launches a rocket which turns into a Red Dragon and makes three passes over Hobbiton. Three appearances of a Red Dragon/rocket that was launched by a wizard. (three appearances of a Red Comet in Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn, and I think there will be three appearances of the Red Comet in ASOIAF.) Later on in Fellowship, Frodo sees strange lights leaping off the top of a hill in the distance: Flashes of lightning leaping up from a hill-top. We latter learn that it was Gandalf fighting off the Nazgul on the high hill of Weathertop—which has a circle of ruins on its crown, and used to be a watchtower where one of the palantirs were kept. (In Hindi palla means "distance, reach, range" and tir means "near to" so a palantir is something that brings distant things close) A location very reminiscent of a weirwood hill, a wizard shoots lightning from atop the hill, before the dawn.
  15. I had that line in my last post, but cut it out for brevity. But yes, the red and white tower (built by Bran) casts a Shadow Sword. I actually think the Great Stone Beast is the Second Moon of Planetos / the Lion of Night. There is a Cthulhu mythos story called "To Clear the Earth" where a guy named Stark goes to Antarctica and accidentally awakens a black sphere that shoots "shadow flame" which turns everything it touches into greasy black stone. I actually think the sites all over the world with the greasy black stone were irradiated from orbit with "shadow flame" and that is why the stone is poisonous. The ASoIaF story is that the black stone was melted by dragons, so that is not far off. And Harrenhal was melted from the sky by a black dragon, also.
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